En tres…El creador de Lisp… y un gran científico en Inteligencia Artificial… nos ha dejado… muchos de sus trabajos pueden ser consultados en la red especialmente en su página personal en la universidad de Stanford.
(Aunque al parecer hay cierta incertidumbre sobre la fuente de la nota, . )
John McCarthy (born September 4, 1927, in Boston, Massachusetts; died October 23, 2011, in Palo Alto, California) was an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist who received the Turing Award in 1971 for his major contributions to the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). He was responsible for the coining of the term «Artificial Intelligence» in his 1955 proposal for the 1956 Dartmouth Conference and was the inventor of the Lisp programming language.
It’s difficult to be rigorous about whether a machine really ‘knows’, ‘thinks’, etc., because we’re hard put to define these things. We understand human mental processes only slightly better than a fish understands swimming.
Program designers have a tendency to think of the users as idiots who need to be controlled. They should rather think of their program as a servant, whose master, the user, should be able to control it. If designers and programmers think about the apparent mental qualities that their programs will have, they’ll create programs that are easier and pleasanter — more humane — to deal with.
«The Little Thoughts of Thinking Machines«, Psychology Today, December 1983, pp. 46–49.
An excelent review of his work on The New York Times